How popular is the baby name August in the United States right now? How popular was it historically? Find out using the graph below! Plus, see baby names similar to August and check out all the blog posts that mention the name August.

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Popularity of the Baby Name August

Number of Babies Named August

Born in the U.S. Since 1880

Posts that Mention the Name August

Popular Baby Names in Providence, RI, 1866

providenceLast month we looked at the top Providence names of 1867, so today let’s check out the rankings from the year before — 1866.

First, some stats:

  • 1,633 babies were babies were born in Providence in 1866, by my count. (The number given by the author of the document is 1,632.)
  • 1,457 of these babies (707 girls and 750 boys) had names that were registered with the government at the time of publication. The other 176 babies got blank spaces.
  • 234 unique names (123 girl names and 108 boy names) were shared among these 1,457 babies.

And here’s some extra information I forgot to mention in the last post: In 1860, the city of Providence was home to 29.0% of Rhode Island’s population. In 1870, it was home to 31.7% of the population. So each of these 3 sets of rankings (1866, 1867, 1868) ought to account for roughly 30% of the residents of the state.

Now, on to the names…

Top 5

The top 5 girl names and boy names of 1866 were, unsurprisingly, very similar to the top names of 1867.

Top Baby Girl Names Top Baby Boy Names
1. Mary
2. Catherine
3. Ellen
4. Margaret
5. Sarah
1. John
2. William
3. James
4. George
5. Thomas

The girls’ top 5 is identical, while the boys’ top 5 includes Thomas instead of George.

Girl Names

As expected, Mary was the front-runner by a huge margin. And, while there were dozens of Catherines, and a single Catharine, there weren’t any Katherines.

  1. Mary, 149 baby girls
  2. Catherine, 43
  3. Ellen, 40
  4. Margaret, 37
  5. Sarah, 36
  6. Elizabeth, 32
  7. Alice, 18
  8. Annie, 15
  9. Anna & Eliza, 14 each (2-way tie)
  10. Clara, 13
  11. Ann, 11
  12. Carrie, Emma, Jane & Susan, 10 each (4-way tie)
  13. Grace & Ida, 9 each (2-way tie)
  14. Esther, Martha & Minnie, 7 each (3-way tie)
  15. Anne & Julia, 6 each (2-way tie)
  16. Agnes, Charlotte, Cora, Harriet, Jennie, Joanna, Maria & Rosanna, 5 each (8-way tie)
  17. Amelia, Bridget, Ella, Frances, Hattie, Lydia, Nellie & Theresa, 4 each (8-way tie)
  18. Abby, Emily, Florence, Josephine, Laura, Lillian, Lizzie, Louise & Marion, 3 each (9-way tie)
  19. Ada, Amy, Augusta, Deborah, Edith, Etta, Eva, Fannie, Georgianna, Hannah, Henrietta, Honora, Isabel, Isabella, Lottie, Lucy, Mabel, Marietta, Maud & Teresa, 2 each (20-way tie)
  20. Almira, Annette, Bertha, Catharine, Cedelia, Celia, Christina, Delia, Diana, Dora, Dorcas, Eldora, Eleanor, Elsie, Emeline, Etherine, Eugenie, Evangeline, Fanny, Flora, Geneva, Georgia, Gracie, Helen, Helena, Imogene, Janette, Jessie, Kate, Lena, Louisa, Lucia, Lucinda, Madelina, Marian, Marsalin, May, Millie, Mina, Mini, Minna, Neatah, Nettie, Phebe, Rebecca, Rosa, Roselia, Rosetta, Ruth, Sophia, Stella, Susanna, Susannah, Tillie & Winnifred, 1 each (55-way tie)

Boy Names

John had an even more commanding lead in 1866 than in 1867.

  1. John, 109 baby boys
  2. William, 78
  3. James, 62
  4. George, 44
  5. Thomas, 41
  6. Charles, 36
  7. Edward, 28
  8. Joseph, 27
  9. Frederick, 20
  10. Henry, 18
  11. Frank, 17
  12. Michael, 15
  13. Francis, 14
  14. Daniel, 13
  15. Albert, Patrick & Robert, 12 each (3-way tie)
  16. Walter, 11
  17. Arthur, Peter & Samuel, 8 each (3-way tie)
  18. Alfred, Harry, Louis & Stephen, 7 each (4-way tie)
  19. Martin, 6
  20. Matthew, 5
  21. Christopher, Clarence, Herbert, Howard & Hugh, 4 each (5-way tie)
  22. Benjamin, Eugene, Ira & Jeremiah, 3 each (4-way tie)
  23. Aaron, Alvin, Arnold, Earl, Edgar, Elisha, Freddie, Harrison, Lewis, Marcus, Nicholas, Philip, Richard & Timothy, 2 each (14-way tie)
  24. Abner, Adam, Adolph, Alanson, Alden, Ambrose, Antonio, August, Augustavus*, Augustus, Bartholomew, Bernard, Bradford, Byron, Chauncey, Clinton, David, Duncan, Eben, Ebenezer, Edwin, Elias, Elliott, Ethan, Everett, Ezra, Ferdinand, Frederic, Fullerton, Gilbert, Gwynn, Harold, Herman, Isaac, Jesse, Josiah, Lauriston, Luther, Manuel, Marks, Maurice, Miles, Mortimer, Oliver, Olney, Oscar, Otto, Rana, Rectol, Salisbury, Shamball, Simon, Terence, Theodore, Victor, Willard, Willie & Wilton, 1 each (58-way tie)

(I didn’t combine any variant spellings, but I did lump the abbreviated names Chas., Benj., and Fred’k in with Charles, Benjamin and Frederick.)

*Does Augustavus = Augustus + Gustav, I wonder?

Twins

I counted 19 pairs of twins born in Providence in 1866. I didn’t notice any triplets this year. (All of these names have already been accounted for above.)

Twins (b/b) Twins (b/g) Twins (g/g)
Edgar & Oscar
Edward & James
Francis & James
James & John
John & Thomas
(blank) & (blank)
Frederick & Alice
John & Alice
Samuel & Sarah
Stephen & Annie
(blank) & Catherine
Agnes & Anna
Eldora & Ellen
Eliza & Mary
Elizabeth & Julia
Frances & Mary
Josephine & Mary
Mary & Sarah
Theresa & (blank)

I’ll try to finish/post the final set of rankings before the end of the year.

Source: Snow, Edwin M. Alphabetical Lists of Persons Deceased, Born and Married in the City of Providence During the Year 1866. Providence: Hammond, Angell & Co., 1867.


Popular Baby Names in Providence, RI, 1867

providence baby names 1867The registrar of Providence, Rhode Island, published a series of documents listing all “of the names of persons deceased, born and married in the city of Providence” during years 1866, 1867 and 1868. The series may have been longer, but these are the only documents I could find online.

I’ve finally finished creating a set of rankings using one of the documents — 1867. But before we get to the rankings, here are some stats:

  • 1,547 babies were born in Providence in 1867, going by the number of babies listed in the document itself. According to the document’s introduction, though, the number is 1,625. Not sure what to make of this discrepancy.
  • 1,431 of these babies (713 girls and 718 boys) had names that were registered with the government at the time of publication. The other 116 babies got blank spaces. Either their names hadn’t been registered yet, or they hadn’t been named yet, or perhaps they died young and never received a name.
  • 254 unique names (141 girl names and 113 boy names) were shared among these 1,431 babies.

And now, on to the names…

Top 5

A quick look at the top 5 girl names and boy names in Providence in 1867:

Top Baby Girl Names Top Baby Boy Names
1. Mary
2. Catherine
3. Ellen
4. Margaret
5. Sarah
1. John
2. William
3. James
4. Charles
5. George

Girl Names

Notice how the #1 name, Mary, was bestowed three times as often as the #2 name, Catherine.

  1. Mary, 138 baby girls
  2. Catherine, 46
  3. Ellen, 37
  4. Margaret, 34
  5. Sarah, 31
  6. Annie, 19
  7. Elizabeth, 16
  8. Alice, 15
  9. Florence, 14
  10. Ann, Emma & Ida, 12 each (3-way tie)
  11. Minnie, 11
  12. Harriet & Julia, 9 each (2-way tie)
  13. Anna, Caroline, Carrie, Jennie, Joanna & Louisa, 8 each (6-way tie)
  14. Cora & Eliza, 7 each (2-way tie)
  15. Agnes, Clara, Edith, Rosanna & Theresa, 6 each (5-way tie)
  16. Bertha, Grace, Hannah, Hattie, Jane, Lillian, Maria, Martha, Nellie & Susan, 5 each (10-way tie)
  17. Eleanor, Fannie, Gertrude, Helen, Isabella, Lucy & Rosa, 4 each (7-way tie)
  18. Anne, Bridget, Ella, Emily, Esther, Eva, Lizzie, Mabel, Matilda & Ruth, 3 each (10-way tie)
  19. Ada, Amelia, Charlotte, Dora, Eleanora, Elvira, Henrietta, Jessie, Josephine, Kate, Louise, Lydia, Maggie & Rosella, 2 each (14-way tie)
  20. Abby, Addie, Adelaide, Adelia, Almina, Almira, Amanda, Amey, Amy, Anastasia, Angelie, Annis, Antoinette, Augusta, Aurelia, Bethiah, Cecelia, Celia, Clarissa, Clementina, Corielynn, Cornelia, Drusilla, Effie, Emeline, Estella, Ethelin, Fanny, Florentina, Frances, Gelie, Genevieve, Georgiana, Georgianna, Helena, Honora, Irene, Isabel, Issie, Juliann, Julietta, Katie, Laura, Leah, Leonora, Lillie, Lillis, Lily, Lottie, Luella, Margaretta, Margery, Margret, Marietta, Maude, May, Millie, Myra, Nelly, Phebe, Robie, Rosalthe, Rose, Selina, Sophia, Susanna, Susannah, Vienna, Viola, Vira, Virginia & Winifred, 1 each (72-way tie)

Boy Names

  1. John, 87 baby boys
  2. William, 75
  3. James, 64
  4. Charles, 50
  5. George, 45
  6. Thomas, 40
  7. Joseph, 30
  8. Walter, 21
  9. Edward, 16
  10. Francis & Michael, 14 each (2-way tie)
  11. Patrick, 13
  12. Arthur & Robert, 12 each (2-way tie)
  13. Frank, Frederick & Henry, 11 each (3-way tie)
  14. Albert, 9
  15. Daniel & Peter, 8 each (2-way tie)
  16. David, Eugene, Howard & Samuel, 6 each (4-way tie)
  17. Alexander, Louis & Stephen, 5 each (3-way tie)
  18. Harry, Herbert, Hugh & Martin, 4 each (4-way tie)
  19. Carl, Edgar, Everett, Jeremiah & Willie, 3 each (5-way tie)
  20. Abraham, Alfred, Clarence, Cornelius, Dennis, Ernest, Ezra, Franklin, Freddie, Jacob, Jesse, Lewis, Luke, Nicholas, Philip, Sylvester, Theodore, Timothy, 2 each (18-way tie)
  21. Abner, Adam, Adolph, Amos, Andrew, Appleton, Archibald, Ashel, August, Benjamin, Benno, Bernard, Bertram, Burt, Byron, Clifford, Davis, Dexter, Dunlap, Edmund, Edwin, Elmer*, Embert, Forrest, Freddy, Gustav, Herman, Isaac, Jeffrey, Jerome, Josiah, Lucian, Malcolm, Matthew, Maurice, Milton, Nathan, Nehemiah, Nelson, Oren, Oscar, Otto, Owen, Paul, Ralph, Reginald, Richard, Sanford, Seth, Shirley, Sullivan, Terence, Theobald, Victor, Wanton, Warren, Weston, Wheelan, Wilford, 1 each (59-way tie)

*Elmer, who had the middle initial “E.,” was likely named after Civil War casualty Elmer E. Ellsworth.

Twins & Triplets

Twenty-one sets of twins and two sets of triplets were born in Providence in 1867. (All of these names were accounted for above — I just thought it’d be fun to check out the sibsets.)

Twins (b/b) Twins (b/g) Twins (g/g) Triplets
Abraham & George
Charles & George
Charles & John
Daniel & David
Dunlap & Frank
Eugene & Timothy
George & John
George & William
James & John
John & Martin
Albert & Harriet
Ashel & Ida
George & Grace
James & Mary
Maurice & Ann
Annie & Fannie
Annie & Mary
Ann & Ellen
Jennie & Minnie
Margaret & Martha
(blank) & (blank)
Carl, (blank) & (blank)
James, Alexander & Sarah

I’ll post Providence’s 1866 and 1868 rankings as soon I get them done. Until then, here are two older posts featuring uniquely named Rhode Islanders: Aldaberontophoscophornia (b. 1812) and Idawalley (b. 1842).

Sources:

What Popularized the Baby Name Deneen?

mystery name deneen

Deneen is the million-dollar baby name mystery. It saw a massive spike in usage in 1964, and I had no idea why for years. Only recently have I stumbled upon a plausible explanation.

But first let’s check out the numbers. Here’s how many U.S. baby girls were named Deneen (or a variant) from 1963 to 1966, sorted by 1964 levels of usage:

Name 1963 1964 1965 1966
Deneen 22 1,604 421 223
Denine 17 133 101 71
Daneen 29 132 85 70
Dineen 10 68 43 35
Denene 7 66 38 31
Denean 7 58 61 40
Danine 7 29 23 31
Danene 12 24 18 11
Deneane 24* 11 9
Deneene 24* 13 14
Danean 14* 14 6
Deeneen 12**
Doneen 7 11 9
Dennine 10* 7 7
Deneena 7**
Deniene 7*
Dennen 7**
Donene 7
Deaneen 5**
Deneem 5**
Dinene 7**
TOTALS 118 2,247 842 557

*Debut, **One-hit wonder

According to the state-by-state data, Deneen usage tended to be highest in the most populous states. This isn’t much of a clue, but it does tell us that the influence was national (e.g., movie, music) and not regional (e.g., college sports, local politician).

For a long time my only guess on Deneen was the same guess Hilary Parker made in her poisoned baby names post: musical duo August & Deneen. But their hit single “We Go Together” came out in 1968 — long after the 1964 baby name spike. So August & Deneen clearly isn’t the answer.

About a month ago I tried another Deneen search. This time around I found a recent thread on Deneen at the Baby Name Wizard forum. According to intel gathered by forum members, Deneen could have been popularized by a ’60s commercial for Ivory dishwashing liquid.

At first I wasn’t so sure. The only vintage Ivory commercials I could find online were for Ivory Snow laundry detergent and, while many of these did feature names (e.g., Allison, Betsy, Bonnie, Debbie, Esther, Joy, Kerry, Kimberly, Michelle, Terry) the names were never on-screen. You don’t get a spelling-specific name spike if the influence is audio-only.

Then I noticed, lower down in the thread, that someone included a link to a single Ivory dishwashing liquid commercial from 1962. The spot featured a mother-daughter pair, “Mrs. Bernard Pugar and Dana,” and their names were indeed shown on-screen for several seconds. Now this looked promising.

I’ve since tracked down a similar Ivory commercial featuring “Mrs. Blake Clark” and her daughter Nicky, though Nicky’s name was never shown on-screen. No luck finding a Deneen version yet.

So I’ll just sit tight and hope that, one day, someone uploads the commercial in question and puts this whole Deneen baby name mystery to rest. :)

In the meanwhile, some questions:

  • If you were watching TV in the ’60s, do you happen recall an Ivory dishwashing liquid commercial featuring the name Deneen? (Long shot, I know.)
  • What do you think of the name Deneen? Which spelling do you like best?

P.S. Djuna popped up on the baby name charts in 1964 as well. I’m declaring 1964 the year of the mysteriously trendy D-names.

Names Popular During the Victorian Era

Tuesday’s post about the Victorian-style Tylney Hall Hotel reminded me of a list of Victorian-era names that I’ve had bookmarked forever.

The list was created by amateur genealogist G. M. Atwater as a resource for writers. It contains names and name combinations that were commonly seen in the U.S. from the 1840s to the 1890s. Below is the full list (with a few minor changes).

Victorian Era Female Names Victorian Era Male Names
  • Abigale / Abby
  • Ada
  • Adella
  • Agnes
  • Allie
  • Almira / Almyra
  • Alva
  • America
  • Amelia
  • Ann / Annie
  • Arrah
  • Beatrice
  • Bernice
  • Charity
  • Charlotte
  • Chastity
  • Claire
  • Constance
  • Cynthia
  • Dorothy / Dot
  • Edith
  • Edna
  • Edwina
  • Ella
  • Eleanor
  • Ellie
  • Elizabeth / Eliza / Liza / Lizzy / Bess / Bessie / Beth / Betsy
  • Elvira
  • Emma
  • Esther
  • Ethel
  • Eudora
  • Eva
  • Fidelia
  • Frances / Fanny
  • Flora
  • Florence
  • Geneve
  • Genevieve
  • Georgia
  • Gertrude / Gertie
  • Gladys
  • Grace
  • Hannah
  • Hattie
  • Helen
  • Helene
  • Henrietta / Hettie / Ettie
  • Hester
  • Hope
  • Hortence
  • Isabell / Isabella
  • Jane
  • Jennie
  • Jessamine
  • Josephine
  • Judith
  • Julia
  • Juliet
  • Katherine / Kate
  • Laura
  • Leah
  • Lenora
  • Letitia
  • Lila
  • Lilly
  • Lorena
  • Lorraine
  • Lottie
  • Louise / Louisa
  • Lucy
  • Lulu
  • Lydia
  • Mahulda
  • Margaret / Peggie
  • Mary / Molly / Polly
  • Mary Elizabeth
  • Mary Frances
  • Martha
  • Matilda / Mattie
  • Maude
  • Maxine / Maxie
  • Mercy
  • Mildred
  • Minerva
  • Missouri
  • Myrtle
  • Nancy
  • Natalie
  • Nellie / Nelly
  • Nettie
  • Nora
  • Orpha
  • Patsy
  • Parthena
  • Permelia
  • Phoebe
  • Philomena
  • Preshea
  • Rachel
  • Rebecca / Becky
  • Rhoda / Rhody
  • Rowena
  • Rufina
  • Ruth
  • Samantha
  • Sally
  • Sarah
  • Sarah Ann
  • Sarah Elizabeth
  • Savannah
  • Selina
  • Sophronia
  • Stella
  • Theodosia / Theda
  • Vertiline / Verd
  • Victoria
  • Virginia / Ginny
  • Vivian
  • Winnifred / Winnie
  • Zona
  • Zylphia
  • Aaron
  • Abraham / Abe
  • Alan / Allen
  • Albert
  • Alexander
  • Alonzo
  • Ambrose
  • Amon
  • Amos
  • Andrew / Drew / Andy
  • Aquilla
  • Archibald / Archie
  • Arnold
  • Asa
  • August / Augustus / Gus
  • Barnabas / Barney
  • Bartholomew / Bart
  • Benjamin
  • Bennet
  • Benedict
  • Bernard
  • Bertram / Bert
  • Buford
  • Byron
  • Calvin
  • Cephas
  • Charles / Charley / Charlie
  • Christopher
  • Christopher Columbus
  • Clarence
  • Clement / Clem
  • Clinton / Clint
  • Cole
  • Columbus / Lom / Lum
  • Commodore Perry
  • Daniel / Dan
  • David
  • Edmund
  • Edward / Ned
  • Edwin
  • Eldon
  • Eli
  • Elijah
  • Elisha
  • Emmett
  • Enoch
  • Ezekiel / Zeke
  • Ezra
  • Francis / Frank
  • Franklin
  • Frederick / Fred
  • Gabriel / Gabe
  • Garrett
  • George
  • George Washington
  • Gideon
  • Gilbert / Gil
  • Granville
  • Harland
  • Harrison
  • Harold / Harry
  • Harvey
  • Henry / Hank
  • Hiram
  • Horace
  • Horatio
  • Hugh
  • Isaiah
  • Israel
  • Isaac / Ike
  • Isaac Newton
  • Jacob / Jake
  • James / Jim
  • Jasper
  • Jefferson / Jeff
  • Jedediah / Jed
  • Jeptha
  • Jesse
  • Joel
  • John / Jack
  • John Paul
  • John Wesley
  • Jonathan
  • Joseph / Josephus
  • Josiah
  • Joshua
  • Julian
  • Julius
  • Lafayette / Lafe
  • Lawrence / Larry
  • Leander
  • Les / Lester / Leslie
  • Lewis / Lew / Louis
  • Levi
  • Lucas
  • Lucian
  • Lucius
  • Luke
  • Luther
  • Louis
  • Levi
  • Lucas
  • Lucian
  • Lucius
  • Luke
  • Luther
  • Matthew
  • Marcellus
  • Mark
  • Martin
  • Martin Luther
  • Masheck
  • Maurice
  • Maxwell
  • Merrill
  • Meriwether
  • Meriwether Lewis
  • Michael / Mike
  • Micajah / Cage
  • Mordecai
  • Morgan
  • Morris
  • Nathaniel / Nathan / Nate / Nat
  • Newton / Newt
  • Nicholas / Nick
  • Nimrod
  • Ninian
  • Obediah
  • Octavius
  • Ora / Oral
  • Orville
  • Oscar
  • Owen
  • Paul
  • Patrick / Pat
  • Patrick Henry
  • Paul
  • Perry
  • Peter
  • Pleasant
  • Ralph
  • Raymond
  • Reuben
  • Robert / Bob
  • Robert Lee
  • Richard / Rich / Dick
  • Roderick
  • Rudolph
  • Rufus
  • Samuel
  • Sam Houston
  • Seth
  • Silas
  • Simon
  • Simeon
  • Stanley / Stan
  • Stephen
  • Thaddeus
  • Thomas / Tom
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • Theodore / Ted
  • Timothy / Tim
  • Ulysses
  • Uriah
  • Victor
  • Walter
  • Warren
  • Washington
  • Wilfred
  • William / Will / Bill / Billy
  • Willie
  • Zachariah
  • Zebulon
  • Zedock

Which female name and male name do you like best?

Source: Victorian Era Names, A Writer’s Guide

Celebrity Baby Name – Axl Jack

Singer Fergie and her husband, actor Josh Duhamel, recently welcomed a baby boy. They named him Axl Jack.

How did Fergie come up with the name Axl? Here’s what she told Ellen DeGeneres:

“I had this dream, and I was in the audience at the festival. It was outdoors and it was all grimy and nobody knew who I was,” the 38-year-old Black-Eyed Pea said. “On stage singing was Jim Morrison and then came Bob Marley and then Axl Rose. I was in heaven in this dream, and I’m dancing and just getting into the music.”

It was then that Fergie awoke, roused from her dream by the kick of her unborn son. (She and Duhamel welcomed Axl Jack into the world on Aug. 29.)

This immediately made me think of Easton August, daughter of actress Elisabeth Rohm. Easton’s name also came from a dream.

Here are the popularity graphs for Axl and Jack, if you want to see how these names are doing on the charts right now.

And, while we’re checking out graphs, here’s how Fergie — a Kids Incorporated alum, just like Martika — has influenced the name Fergie over the last few years.

Source: Fergie reveals son’s name Axl Jack came to her in a dream: ‘It just had this ring to it’

The 20 Children of Johann Sebastian Bach

German composer Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) had a total of 20 children.

He had seven with his first wife, Maria Barbara Bach (who was his 2nd cousin). Four of these children survived to adulthood.

  1. Catharina Dorothea (b. 1708)
  2. Wilhelm Friedemann (b. 1710)
  3. Maria Sophia (twin, b. 1713)
  4. Johann Christoph (twin, b. 1713)
  5. Carl Philipp Emanuel (b. 1714)
  6. Johann Gottfried Bernhard (b. 1715)
  7. Leopold Augustus (b. 1718)

The other 13 he had with his second wife, Anna Magdalena Wilcke. Six survived to adulthood.

  1. Christiana Sophia Henrietta (b. 1723)
  2. Gottfried Heinrich (b. 1724)
  3. Christian Gottlieb (b. 1725)
  4. Elisabeth Juliana Friderica (b. 1726)
  5. Ernestus Andreas (b. 1727)
  6. Regina Johanna (b. 1728)
  7. Christiana Benedicta (b. 1730)
  8. Christiana Dorothea (b. 1731)
  9. Johann Christoph Friedrich (b. 1732)
  10. Johann August Abraham (b. 1733)
  11. Johann Christian (b. 1735)
  12. Johanna Carolina (b. 1737)
  13. Regina Susanna (b. 1742)

Do you like any of these names? If so, which ones?

Source: David, Hans T., Arthur Mendel and Christoph Wolff. The New Bach Reader: A Life of Johann Sebastian Bach in Letters and Documents. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1998.

Gender Test: Which Boy Names Are Not Quite Boy Names?

Time for the annual masculinity test!

Now, when I say “masculinity,” I’m not talking about a name’s image or associations. I’m talking specifically about how the name is being used nowadays.

The question I’m asking is: Which boy names were given to a significant proportion of baby girls last year?

If you’re looking for a name that will clearly identify your son as a boy, the answer will help you avoid names that could cause gender confusion.

This time around, I’m making the masculinity test even simpler by sticking to a pass/fail system. So, if a boy name was…

  • Given to baby boys at least 80% of the time, the grade is pass. (But less than 90% of the time: warning.)
  • Given to baby boys less than 80% of the time, the grade is fail.

I analyzed all of the boy names on the top 1,000 list. Of these 1,000 names, 71 failed and 43 got a warning. (Scroll down to see lists of the failed and warning names only.)

1. Jacob
2. Mason
3. Ethan
4. Noah
5. William
6. Liam
7. Jayden
8. Michael
9. Alexander
10. Aiden
11. Daniel
12. Matthew
13. Elijah
14. James
15. Anthony
16. Benjamin
17. Joshua
18. Andrew
19. David
20. Joseph
21. Logan
22. Jackson
23. Christopher
24. Gabriel
25. Samuel
26. Ryan
27. Lucas
28. John
29. Nathan
30. Isaac
31. Dylan
32. Caleb
33. Christian
34. Landon
35. Jonathan
36. Carter
37. Luke
38. Owen
39. Brayden
40. Gavin
41. Wyatt
42. Isaiah
43. Henry
44. Eli
45. Hunter
46. Jack
47. Evan
48. Jordan, Warning
49. Nicholas
50. Tyler
51. Aaron
52. Jeremiah
53. Julian
54. Cameron
55. Levi
56. Brandon
57. Angel, Warning
58. Austin
59. Connor
60. Adrian
61. Robert
62. Charles
63. Thomas
64. Sebastian
65. Colton
66. Jaxon
67. Kevin
68. Zachary
69. Ayden
70. Dominic
71. Blake
72. Jose
73. Oliver
74. Justin
75. Bentley
76. Jason
77. Chase
78. Ian
79. Josiah
80. Parker, Warning
81. Xavier
82. Adam
83. Cooper
84. Nathaniel
85. Grayson
86. Jace
87. Carson
88. Nolan
89. Tristan
90. Luis
91. Brody
92. Juan
93. Hudson
94. Bryson
95. Carlos
96. Easton
97. Damian
98. Alex
99. Kayden, Warning
100. Ryder
101. Jesus
102. Cole
103. Micah
104. Vincent
105. Max
106. Jaxson
107. Eric
108. Asher
109. Hayden, Fail
110. Diego
111. Miles
112. Steven
113. Ivan
114. Elias
115. Aidan
116. Maxwell
117. Bryce
118. Antonio
119. Giovanni
120. Timothy
121. Bryan
122. Santiago
123. Colin
124. Richard
125. Braxton
126. Kaleb
127. Kyle
128. Kaden
129. Preston
130. Miguel
131. Jonah
132. Lincoln
133. Riley, Fail
134. Leo
135. Victor
136. Brady
137. Jeremy
138. Mateo
139. Brian
140. Jaden
141. Ashton
142. Patrick
143. Declan
144. Sean
145. Joel
146. Gael
147. Sawyer, Warning
148. Alejandro
149. Marcus
150. Leonardo
151. Jesse
152. Caden
153. Jake
154. Kaiden
155. Wesley
156. Camden
157. Edward
158. Brantley
159. Roman
160. Axel
161. Silas
162. Jude
163. Grant
164. Cayden
165. Emmanuel
166. George
167. Maddox
168. Malachi
169. Bradley
170. Alan
171. Weston
172. Gage
173. Devin
174. Greyson
175. Kenneth
176. Mark
177. Oscar
178. Tanner
179. Rylan, Warning
180. Nicolas
181. Harrison
182. Derek
183. Peyton, Fail
184. Ezra
185. Tucker
186. Emmett
187. Avery, Fail
188. Cody
189. Calvin
190. Andres
191. Jorge
192. Abel
193. Paul
194. Abraham
195. Kai, Warning
196. Collin
197. Theodore
198. Ezekiel
199. Omar
200. Jayce
201. Conner
202. Bennett
203. Trevor
204. Eduardo
205. Peter
206. Maximus
207. Jaiden, Warning
208. Jameson
209. Seth
210. Kingston
211. Javier
212. Travis
213. Garrett
214. Everett
215. Graham
216. Xander
217. Cristian
218. Damien
219. Ryker
220. Griffin
221. Corbin
222. Myles
223. Luca
224. Zane
225. Francisco
226. Ricardo
227. Alexis, Fail
228. Stephen
229. Zayden
230. Iker
231. Drake
232. Lukas
233. Charlie, Fail
234. Spencer
235. Zion, Warning
236. Erick
237. Josue
238. Jeffrey
239. Trenton
240. Chance
241. Paxton
242. Elliot, Warning
243. Fernando
244. Keegan
245. Landen
246. Manuel
247. Amir
248. Shane
249. Raymond
250. Zander
251. Andre
252. Israel
253. Mario
254. Cesar
255. Simon
256. King
257. Jaylen, Warning
258. Johnathan
259. Troy
260. Dean
261. Clayton
262. Dominick
263. Tyson
264. Jasper
265. Martin
266. Kyler
267. Hector
268. Edgar
269. Marco
270. Cash
271. Edwin
272. Shawn
273. Judah
274. Andy
275. Donovan
276. Kameron
277. Elliott, Warning
278. Dante
279. Braylon
280. Anderson
281. Johnny
282. Drew, Warning
283. Sergio
284. Cruz
285. Dalton
286. Rafael
287. Gregory
288. Lane
289. Erik
290. Skyler, Fail
291. Finn
292. Reid
293. Gunner
294. Jared
295. Caiden
296. Holden
297. Emilio
298. Fabian
299. Aden
300. Brendan
301. Rowan, Fail
302. Emiliano
303. Braden
304. Jase
305. Jax
306. Emanuel
307. Lorenzo
308. Roberto
309. Amari, Fail
310. Angelo
311. Beau
312. Louis
313. Derrick
314. Beckett
315. Dawson
316. Felix
317. Pedro
318. Brennan
319. Frank
320. Maximiliano
321. Quinn, Fail
322. Dallas, Fail
323. Romeo
324. Braylen
325. Joaquin
326. Waylon
327. Allen
328. Colt
329. Ruben
330. Milo
331. Julius
332. Grady
333. August, Warning
334. Dakota, Fail
335. Cohen
336. Brock
337. Kellen
338. Brycen
339. Desmond
340. Malik
341. Colby
342. Nehemiah
343. Leland
344. Jett
345. Marcos
346. Taylor, Fail
347. Karter, Warning
348. Marshall
349. Ty
350. Phillip
351. Corey
352. Ali, Fail
353. Adan
354. Dillon
355. Arthur
356. Maverick
357. Leon
358. Brooks
359. Tristen
360. Titus
361. Keith
362. Dexter
363. Karson
364. Emerson, Fail
365. Landyn
366. Armando
367. Pablo
368. Knox
369. Enrique
370. Cade
371. Gerardo
372. Reed
373. Kellan
374. Jayson
375. Barrett
376. Walter
377. Dustin
378. Kolton
379. Ronald
380. Trent
381. Phoenix, Fail
382. Ismael
383. Julio
384. Danny
385. Kason
386. Scott
387. Messiah
388. Jay
389. Esteban
390. Gideon
391. Tate
392. Abram
393. Trey
394. Keaton
395. Jakob
396. Jaime
397. Devon, Warning
398. Braydon
399. Izaiah
400. Donald
401. Albert
402. Raul
403. Darius
404. Archer
405. Colten
406. Damon
407. River, Fail
408. Gustavo
409. Philip
410. Atticus
411. Walker
412. Matteo
413. Randy
414. Saul
415. Rocco
416. Davis
417. Enzo
418. Noel, Warning
419. Orion
420. Jamari
421. Remington, Warning
422. Bruce
423. Darren
424. Larry
425. Mathew
426. Russell
427. Dennis
428. Tony
429. Chris
430. Porter
431. Rodrigo
432. Armani, Fail
433. Zaiden
434. Kade
435. Ari, Fail
436. Hugo
437. Zachariah
438. Kamden
439. Mohamed
440. Quentin
441. Solomon
442. Curtis
443. Leonel
444. Issac
445. Khalil
446. Alberto
447. Jerry
448. Alec
449. Gianni
450. Moises
451. Gunnar
452. Adriel
453. Lawrence
454. Alijah
455. Chandler, Fail
456. Ronan
457. Prince
458. Payton, Fail
459. Arturo
460. Jimmy
461. Orlando
462. Ricky
463. Mitchell
464. Maximilian
465. Cason
466. Malcolm
467. Muhammad
468. Kasen
469. Marvin
470. Jalen
471. Cyrus
472. Mauricio
473. Warren
474. Jonas
475. Kendrick
476. Rhys
477. Dane
478. Ryland
479. Pierce
480. Johan
481. Rory, Fail
482. Uriel
483. Major
484. Bryant
485. Reece, Fail
486. Casey, Fail
487. Ibrahim
488. Nikolas
489. Arjun
490. Sullivan
491. Finnegan
492. Alfredo
493. Royce
494. Ahmed
495. Amare
496. Lance
497. Ramon
498. Jamison
499. Brayan
500. Brenden
501. Dominik
502. Case
503. Kristopher
504. Maurice
505. Mekhi
506. Kobe
507. Zackary
508. Rhett
509. Jensen
510. Jaxton
511. Deandre
512. Isaias
513. Channing, Fail
514. Yahir
515. Ezequiel
516. Tobias
517. Talon
518. Sam
519. Justice, Fail
520. Kash
521. Nash
522. Alvin
523. Jacoby
524. Ace
525. Nico
526. Quinton
527. Cannon
528. Franklin
529. Raiden
530. Joe
531. Lawson
532. Beckham
533. Gary
534. Aldo
535. Raylan
536. Frederick
537. London, Fail
538. Boston
539. Carl
540. Byron
541. Ernesto
542. Moshe
543. Terry
544. Eddie
545. Kane
546. Moses
547. Finley, Fail
548. Salvador
549. Reese, Fail
550. Kelvin
551. Cullen
552. Madden, Warning
553. Wade
554. Clark
555. Mohammed
556. Kieran
557. Jagger
558. Dorian
559. Korbin
560. Nelson
561. Roy
562. Asa
563. Matias
564. Nasir
565. Nickolas
566. Roger
567. Alonzo
568. Jaxen
569. Skylar, Fail
570. Callen
571. Malakai
572. Douglas
573. Ahmad
574. Uriah
575. Conor
576. Kristian, Warning
577. Carmelo
578. Blaine
579. Kayson
580. Bentlee, Warning
581. Braeden
582. Julien
583. Nathanael
584. Aarav
585. Keagan, Warning
586. Lucian
587. Morgan, Fail
588. Chad
589. Terrance
590. Benson
591. Noe
592. Rodney
593. Francis
594. Layne, Warning
595. Mohammad
596. Zayne
597. Tatum, Fail
598. Brett
599. Wilson
600. Kian
601. Marc
602. Rohan
603. Dayton
604. Braiden
605. Harper, Fail
606. Luciano
607. Nikolai
608. Kamari, Fail
609. Camron
610. Joey, Warning
611. Santino
612. Ellis, Fail
613. Layton
614. Xzavier
615. Jefferson
616. Winston
617. Guillermo
618. Demetrius
619. Bowen
620. Daxton
621. Melvin
622. Soren
623. Neil
624. Sylas
625. Jon
626. Raphael
627. Rex
628. Yusuf
629. Shaun
630. Brodie
631. Tommy
632. Harley, Fail
633. Quincy, Fail
634. Dax
635. Trace
636. Adonis
637. Bently
638. Giovani
639. Jeffery
640. Odin
641. Luka
642. Kylan, Warning
643. Willie
644. Lewis
645. Tripp
646. Vihaan
647. Davion
648. Kendall, Fail
649. Arian
650. Cory
651. Jamarion
652. Jonathon
653. Nixon
654. Rayan, Warning
655. Emery, Fail
656. Jermaine
657. Reginald
658. Tomas
659. Emmitt
660. Ayaan
661. Zechariah
662. Billy
663. Hamza
664. Micheal
665. Urijah
666. Aryan
667. Lee
668. Jasiah
669. Landry, Fail
670. Crosby
671. Mathias
672. Toby, Fail
673. Tristian
674. Will
675. Felipe
676. Triston
677. Eden, Fail
678. Terrell
679. Deacon
680. Matthias
681. Jamal
682. Makai
683. Maxim
684. Sterling, Warning
685. Hank
686. Gerald
687. Alessandro
688. Jaydon
689. Hayes
690. Niko
691. Branson
692. Flynn
693. Kody
694. Marlon
695. Mayson, Warning
696. Allan
697. Augustus
698. Jessie, Fail
699. Neymar
700. Adrien
701. Aydan
702. Leonard
703. Sincere, Warning
704. Kyson
705. Terrence
706. Jerome
707. Jadiel
708. Kole
709. Aron
710. Aydin
711. Omari
712. Ronnie
713. Zain
714. Vicente
715. Bobby
716. Yosef
717. Alexzander
718. Harry
719. Kale
720. Rogelio
721. Casen
722. Ray
723. Clay
724. Masen
725. Sage, Fail
726. Ulises
727. Kymani, Warning
728. Chaim
729. Javon
730. Brent
731. Jadon
732. Elisha, Fail
733. Stanley
734. Jovanni
735. Princeton
736. Alonso
737. Darian
738. Conrad
739. Dwayne
740. Eugene
741. Gauge
742. Rene
743. Kareem
744. Roland
745. Ben
746. Vincenzo
747. Abdullah
748. Camren
749. Kenny
750. Brentley
751. Memphis, Warning
752. Blaze
753. Edison
754. Osvaldo
755. Teagan, Fail
756. Westin
757. Deshawn
758. Rayden
759. Cedric
760. Marquis
761. Samir
762. Steve
763. Draven
764. Jairo
765. Giovanny
766. Brennen
767. Bronson
768. Crew
769. Davin
770. Kolten
771. Ronin
772. Ariel, Fail
773. Semaj, Fail
774. Alden
775. Isiah
776. Lennox, Fail
777. Davian
778. Jaylin, Fail
779. Cain
780. Wayne
781. Craig
782. Lamar
783. Leonidas
784. Cristopher
785. Otto
786. Bo
787. Darrell
788. Kolby
789. Marcelo
790. Bruno
791. Fletcher
792. Justus
793. Alfonso
794. Theo
795. Tyrone
796. Aidyn
797. Harvey
798. Rudy
799. Brendon
800. Tristin
801. Dominique, Fail
802. Kaeden
803. Samson
804. Kyree, Warning
805. Jovani
806. Lionel
807. Amos
808. Giancarlo
809. Misael
810. Callum
811. Quintin
812. Valentino
813. Gavyn
814. Lennon, Fail
815. Jamir
816. Kamron
817. Zavier
818. Arlo
819. Junior
820. Killian
821. Leandro
822. Konnor
823. Hezekiah
824. Jordyn, Fail
825. Markus
826. Ramiro
827. Callan, Warning
828. Chace
829. Johnathon
830. Lyric, Fail
831. Fisher
832. Rashad
833. Kamryn, Fail
834. Legend
835. Duncan
836. Harold
837. Camilo
838. Hendrix
839. Seamus
840. Coleman
841. Vance
842. Rylee, Fail
843. Elian
844. Jaeden
845. Jamie, Fail
846. Krish
847. Abdiel
848. Antoine
849. Camdyn, Fail
850. Van
851. Branden
852. Cayson
853. Gibson
854. Javion
855. Izayah
856. Darwin
857. Jamar
858. Mike
859. Randall
860. Brecken, Warning
861. Hassan
862. Thiago
863. Heath
864. Arnav
865. Kingsley, Warning
866. Kyrie, Fail
867. Xavi
868. Damari
869. Deangelo
870. Jionni
871. Joziah
872. Makhi
873. Vaughn
874. Zeke
875. Konner
876. Ean
877. Frankie, Fail
878. Yael, Fail
879. Benton
880. Oakley, Fail
881. Efrain
882. Marcel
883. Rolando
884. Maxton
885. Jaycob
886. Keenan
887. Rowen, Fail
888. Yousef
889. Ishaan
890. Jedidiah
891. Remy, Fail
892. Todd
893. Reagan, Fail
894. Bodhi
895. Damarion
896. Juelz
897. Valentin
898. Austyn, Fail
899. Broderick
900. Anders
901. Alvaro
902. Mustafa
903. Thaddeus
904. Brenton
905. Cale
906. Clinton
907. Derick
908. Jorden, Warning
909. Gilberto
910. Jabari
911. Rey
912. Salvatore
913. Freddy
914. Donte
915. Ernest
916. Aaden
917. Axton
918. Blaise
919. Lucca, Warning
920. Maximo
921. Sidney, Fail
922. Dario
923. Rodolfo
924. Trevon
925. Camryn, Fail
926. Deegan
927. Sonny
928. Cassius
929. Truman
930. Brice
931. Brogan
932. Hugh
933. Yehuda
934. Agustin
935. Eliot
936. Stefan
937. Zaid
938. Bridger
939. Damion
940. Eliseo
941. Houston
942. Johann
943. Leroy
944. Sheldon
945. Dariel
946. Darryl
947. Isai
948. Tyrell
949. Alfred
950. Demarcus
951. Kohen
952. Ignacio
953. Rylen, Warning
954. Santos
955. Cael
956. Davon
957. Kaysen
958. Mack
959. Darien
960. Ross
961. Titan
962. Tyree
963. Ameer
964. Zaire, Warning
965. Aditya
966. Briggs
967. Immanuel
968. Malaki
969. Turner
970. Bradyn
971. Graysen, Warning
972. Kase
973. Reuben
974. Yandel
975. Gaige
976. Jaidyn, Fail
977. Franco
978. Trystan
979. Maison
980. Simeon
981. Anton
982. Darnell
983. Emory, Fail
984. Roderick
985. Deon
986. Devan, Warning
987. Graeme
988. Howard
989. Jael, Fail
990. Kael
991. Karsen, Warning
992. Jarrett
993. Apollo
994. Denzel
995. Foster
996. Gilbert
997. Jaylon
998. Kylen, Warning
999. Augustine
1000. Dangelo

The 43 “Warning” names: Jordan, Angel, Parker, Kayden, Sawyer, Rylan, Kai, Jaiden, Zion, Elliot, Jaylen, Elliott, Drew, August, Karter, Devon, Noel, Remington, Madden, Kristian, Bentlee, Keagan, Layne, Joey, Kylan, Rayan, Sterling, Mayson, Sincere, Kymani, Memphis, Kyree, Callan, Brecken, Kingsley, Jorden, Lucca, Rylen, Zaire, Graysen, Devan, Karsen, Kylen.

The 71 “Fail” names: Hayden, Riley, Peyton, Avery, Alexis, Charlie, Skyler, Rowan, Amari, Quinn, Dallas, Dakota, Taylor, Ali, Emerson, Phoenix, River, Armani, Ari, Chandler, Payton, Rory, Reece, Casey, Channing, Justice, London, Finley, Reese, Skylar, Morgan, Tatum, Harper, Kamari, Ellis, Harley, Quincy, Kendall, Emery, Landry, Toby, Eden, Jessie, Sage, Elisha, Teagan, Ariel, Semaj, Lennox, Jaylin, Dominique, Lennon, Jordyn, Lyric, Kamryn, Rylee, Jamie, Camdyn, Kyrie, Frankie, Yael, Oakley, Rowen, Remy, Reagan, Austyn, Sidney, Camryn, Jaidyn, Emory, Jael.

Here is last year’s masculinity test.