Independent baby name blog & directory, est. 2006.
How popular is the baby name Manilla in the United States right now? How popular was it historically? Find out using the graph below! Plus, see baby names similar to Manilla and check out all the blog posts that mention the name Manilla.
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So far I haven’t been able to figure out what caused either debut, though. Maybe you guys can help me out?
Here’s what I know so far…
According to the Social Security Death Index (SSDI), the number of people named Ardis jumped from at least 10 in 1898 to at least 86 in 1899. (The SSDI is a better source of raw-number data than the SSA for the late 1800s and early 1900s.)
1901: 47 people with the first name Ardis
1900: 59 people with the first name Ardis
1899: 86 people with the first name Ardis
1898: 10 people with the first name Ardis
1897: 15 people with the first name Ardis
The SSDI data also indicates that the usage of Ardis was highest during three successive months: July (12 births), August (17 births), and September (12 births).
Getting back to the SSA data…when Ardis was at peak popularity from the 1910s through the 1940s, it was particularly trendy in the Midwest (especially Minnesota, Iowa, Michigan and Wisconsin). This regional preference may have existed in 1899 as well, though it’s hard to tell.
Finally, a novel with the name Ardis in the title — Frank R. Stockton’s Ardis Claverden — existed in 1899. It had been published in 1890, though, so it probably didn’t cause the debut. (Unless it was serialized in the newspapers a decade later…?)
The SSDI shows that the number of people named Irva jumped from at least 7 in 1898 to at least 64 in 1899:
1901: 14 people with the first name Irva
1900: 18 people with the first name Irva
1899: 64 people with the first name Irva
1898: 7 people with the first name Irva
1897: 5 people with the first name Irva
The name Erva also debuted in 1899. Alternative spellings sometimes point to an audio influence like talkies or television, but the debuts of Irva and Erva predate most of these technologies.
So does anyone out there have any theories on either Ardis or Irva?
(And if you like doing baby name detective work, check out these other open cases!)
I’d say the first impressive baby name debut on the SSA’s list was Corbett in 1892.
Corbett was the highest debut on the SSA’s list until 1898 rolled around with the names Manilla, Hobson, and Admiral (all inspired by the Spanish-American War).
According to SSA data, at least 23 baby boys were named Corbett in 1892:
1897: 14 baby boys named Corbett
1896: 10 baby boys named Corbett
1895: 11 baby boys named Corbett
1894: 20 baby boys named Corbett
1893: 15 baby boys named Corbett
1892: 23 baby boys named Corbett [debut]
But the actual number was much higher. The SSDI indicates that at least 59 Corbetts were born in 1892:
1897: 27 people named Corbett (SSDI)
1896: 30 people named Corbett (SSDI)
1895: 51 people named Corbett (SSDI)
1894: 67 people named Corbett (SSDI)
1893: 48 people named Corbett (SSDI)
1892: 59 people named Corbett (SSDI)
1891: 5 people named Corbett
What gave Corbett a boost that year?
Sports. In September of 1892, boxer James “Gentleman Jim” Corbett defeated John L. Sullivan to win the World Heavyweight Boxing Championship in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Even if he hadn’t won, though, the press leading up to the match would have popularized the name enough for it to make a splash. More than half of those Corbetts — 31 out of 59 — were born before the match even took place.
Usage of the name increased again in 1894, which is the year Corbett defended his title against boxer Charley Mitchell.
Corbett ultimately lost the title to Bob Fitzsimmons in 1897.
Though vast majority of the baby names on the Social Security Administration’s yearly baby name lists are repeats, every list does contain a handful of brand-new names.
Below are the highest-charting debut names for every single year on record, after the first.
Why bother with an analysis like this? Because debut names often have cool stories behind them, and high-hitting debuts are especially likely to have intriguing pop culture explanations. So not only is this a list of names, but it’s also a list of stories.
Here’s the format: “Girl name(s), number of baby girls; Boy name(s), number of baby boys.” Keep in mind that the raw numbers aren’t too trustworthy for about the first six decades, though. (More on that in a minute.)
I’ve already written about some of the names above, and I plan to write about all the others as well…eventually. In the meanwhile, if you want to beat me to it and leave a comment about why Maverick hit in 1957, or why Moesha hit in 1996, feel free!
The brief Spanish-American War (1898), which began in April and ended in August, inspired hundreds of patriotic parents in the U.S. to choose war-inspired baby names. Here are some examples:
Maine & Havana
One of the events that led to war was the explosion of the U.S.S. Maine in Cuba’s Havana Harbor on February 15. The explosion killed more than 260 men. Many people in the U.S. blamed the explosion on Spain.
The baby names Maine and Havana both debuted on the SSA’s baby name list in 1898.
1898: 9 baby girls named Maine [debut]
Maine was a one-hit wonder on the list — a rarity that never returned — but Havana has been on the list dozens of times since (and regularly since 1995).
1898: 8 baby girls named Havana [debut]
The SSDI tells a more complete story (though it doesn’t offer information on gender). It indicates that 25 babies were named Maine and 12 were named Havana in 1898.
Dewey & Manila
War was formally declared on April 25. On May 1, the Battle of Manila Bay took place in the Philippines. The U.S. fleet, under the command of Commodore George Dewey, defeated Spain.
Usage of the name Dewey spiked in 1898, both for boys and for girls:
1901: 137 baby boys and 7 baby girls named Dewey
1900: 345 baby boys and 9 baby girls named Dewey
1899: 499 baby boys and 24 baby girls named Dewey
1898: 1,115 baby boys and 104 baby girls named Dewey
1897: 158 baby boys and 13 baby girls named Dewey
1896: 63 baby boys named Dewey
1895: 28 baby boys named Dewey
In terms of rankings, Dewey hit 19th (!) for boys and 305th for girls in 1898. Also that year, the spelling variants Dewie and Dewy debuted.
Going back to the SSDI, we see even higher numbers — 6,708 babies named Dewey, 36 named Dewie, and 1 named Dewy in 1898.
We even see evidence of Dewey’s spike on the U.S. Census of 1920:
1910s: over 4,300 people named Dewey were born
1900s: over 11,000 people named Dewey were born
1890s: over 12,100 people named Dewey were born
1880s: over 200 people named Dewey were born
1870s: over 100 people named Dewey were born
An article in the Reading Eagle in 1899 listed ten local babies named for George Dewey, and another article I spotted from decades later joked about starting a George Dewey namesake club.
We see a similar (though less pronounced) spike of in the usage of Manila for baby girls: