The 24 children of Robert I, Duke of Parma

Maria Pia with son Elia (in 1881)
Maria Pia with son Elia

Robert I, Duke of Parma (b. 1848) — whose birth name was Roberto Carlo Luigi Maria — was the last ruler of the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza, located in what is today northern Italy. (The duchy was absorbed into the Kingdom of Italy in the early 1860s.)

Robert I married twice and had a total of 24 children.

With his first wife, Princess Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies (b. 1849), he had a dozen children:

  • Marie Louise
  • Ferdinando
  • Louisa Maria
  • Enrico
  • Maria Immacolata
  • Giuseppe
  • Maria Teresa
  • Maria Pia
  • Maria Beatrice
  • Elia (male)
  • Maria Anastasia
  • Augusto

Sadly, his first wife died during childbirth in 1882.

Two years later, Robert married his second wife, Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal (b. 1862). With her had a dozen more children:

  • Maria della Neve Adelaide
  • Sixtus (he was his father’s sixth son)
  • Javier
  • Francesca
  • Zita
  • Felix
  • Rene
  • Maria Antonia
  • Isabella
  • Luigi
  • Henrietta Anna
  • Gaetano

Which set of 12 do you like better?

Source: Robert I, Duke of Parma – Wikipedia

Image: Adapted from Maria Pia and Elias I

2 thoughts on “The 24 children of Robert I, Duke of Parma

  1. Their full names (rendered in Italian, although the family was French speaking):

    1. FERNANDO Maria Carlo
    2. ENRICO Maria Alberto Ferdinando Carlo Pio Luigi Antonio
    3. GIUSEPPE Maria Pietro Paolo Francesco Roberto Tomaso-d’Aquino Andreas-Avellino Biagio Mauro Carlo Stanislao Luigi Filippo Neri Leone Bernardo Antonio Ferdinando
    4. ELIAS Roberto Carlo Maria Pio Giuseppe
    5. AUGUSTO
    6. SISTO Ferdinando Maria Ignazio Alfonso Roberto Micael Francesco Carlo Luigi Saverio Giuseppe Antonio Pio Taddeo Giovanni Sebastiano Paolo Biagio Estanislao Bernedetto Bernardo Marco
    7. Francesco SAVERIO Carlo Maria Anna Giuseppe
    8. FELICE Maria Vincenzo
    9. RENATO Carlo Maria Giuseppe
    10. LUIGI Carlo Maria Leopoldo Roberto
    11. GAETANO Maria Giuseppe Pio
    12. MARIA LUISA Pia Teresa Ana Ferdinanda Francesca Antonietta Margherita Giuseppina Carolina Bianca Lucia Apolonia
    13. LUISA Maria Annunziata Enrichetta Teresa
    14. Maria IMMACOLATA Luisa Francesca Praxedes Annunziata Teresa Pia Anna Ferdinanda Antonietta Giuseppina Lucia Apollonia Filomena Clotilda Emerenciana Maria Giulia
    15. Maria TERESA Pia Luisa Immacolata Ferdinanda Enrichetta Giuseppina Alfonsa
    16. Maria PIA Antonietta Carolina
    17. BEATRICE Colomba Maria Immacolata Leonia
    18. Maria ANASTASIA Antonietta Cristina Enrichetta
    19. Maria della Neve ADELAIDE Enrichetta Pia Antonia
    20. FRANCESCA GIUSEPPA Maria Teresa Elisabetta Sofia Anna Luisa Eulalia Micaela Raffaela Gabriella
    21. ZITA Maria delle Grazie Adelgonda Micaela Raffaela Gabriella Giuseppina Antonia Luisa Agnese
    22. MARIA ANTONIA Sofia Lodovica Giuseppa Micaela Gabriella Raffaela Anna
    23. ISABELLA Maria Anna
    24. ENRICHETTA Anna Maria Immacolata Giuseppa Antonia

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