Media-savvy political activist Abbott “Abbie” Hoffman (1936-1989) and his second wife, Anita Kushner, welcomed a baby boy in mid-1971.
Abbie’s first two children (Andrew and Amy) didn’t have politicized names, but his third got the name america — deliberately spelled with a small a in order “to distinguish the child’s name from a jingoistic sentiment.”
[T]he birth of his and Anita’s son, “america,” was treated as a political statement, as an affirmation of their optimism about the future and their roots in American culture.
Anita added (years later) that they’d gone with a lower-case a “because [they] didn’t want to be pretentious.”
Another name they’d considered for their son? Tupac.
In the Hoffmans’ book To America with Love, one of the letters Anita wrote (in July of 1974) began:
I met Affeni [sic] Shakur today. What an up. She is vibrant, beautiful, wise with experience. We talked about our children a lot and the heavy history behind each. Did you know she named her son Tupac Amaru, after the last Inca prince who rebelled against the Spaniards? We had considered naming america that. Tupac’s the same age.
(Tupac’s mother’s name was actually spelled Afeni.)
Abbie Hoffman went underground in 1974 (in order to evade arrest). He remained in hiding, using the alias “Barry Freed,” for six years. During that period, Anita and america were under constant FBI surveillance. So Anita and Abbie began to call their son “Alan” as an added layer of protection.
Alan reverted back to his real name at the start of high school (in the mid-1980s), hoping that “america” would impress a “cute punk rock girl” in his class.
“145” boy names: Montgomery, Sylvester, Quantavius, Constantinos
1 via 154
The girl name Summerlynn adds up to 154, which reduces to one (1+5+4=10; 1+0=1).
1 via 163
The boy name Constantinos adds up to 163, which reduces to one (1+6+3=10; 1+0=1).
1 via 172
The girl name Trinityrose adds up to 172, which reduces to one (1+7+2=10; 1+0=1).
What Does “1” Mean?
First, we’ll look at the significance assigned to “1” by two different numerological sources. Second, and more importantly, ask yourself if “1” or any of the intermediate numbers above have any special significance to you.
“1” (the monad) according to the Pythagoreans:
“The Pythagoreans called the monad ‘intellect’ because they thought that intellect was akin to the One; for among the virtues, they likened the monad to moral wisdom; for what is correct is one. And they called it ‘being,’ ’cause of truth,’ ‘simple,’ ‘paradigm,’ ‘order,’ ‘concord,’ ‘what is equal among greater and lesser,’ ‘the mean between intensity and slackness,’ ‘moderation in plurality,’ ‘the instant now in time,’ and moreover they called it ‘ship,’ ‘chariot,’ ‘friend,’ ‘life,’ ‘happiness.'”
“They say that the monad is not only God, but also ‘intellect’ and ‘androgyne.’ It is called ‘intellect’ because of that aspect of God which is the most authoritative both in the creation of the universe and in general in all skill and reason”
“They consider it to be the seed of all, and both male and female at once”
“They call it ‘Chaos’ which is Hesiod’s first generator, because Chaos gives rise to everything else, as the monad does. It is also thought to be both ‘mixture’ and ‘blending,’ ‘obscurity’ and ‘darkness,’ thanks to the lack of articulation and distinction of everything which ensues from it.”
“They call it ‘Prometheus,’ the artificer of life, because, uniquely, it in no way outruns or departs from its own principle, nor allows anything else to do so, since it shares out its own properties.”
“All activities emanate from the one” (reading 5751-1).
“As in numbers…all are formations or divisions or multiples of units of one, so the universe and the expressions of all natures within same are the manifestations of that one force, one power, one spirit, one energy known as or called a Universal Force, Creative Energy, or God.” (reading 1462-1).
Does “1” — or do any of the other numbers above (e.g., 19, 55, 64, 109) — have any special significance to you?
Think about your own preferences and personal experiences: lucky numbers, birth dates, music, sports, and so on. Maybe your favorite song is “When I’m Sixty-Four” by the Beatles, for example.
Also think about associations you may have picked up from your culture, your religion, or society in general.
If you have any interesting insights about the number 1, or any of the other numbers above, please leave a comment!
Source: Theologumena Arithmeticae, attributed to Iamblichus (c.250-c.330).
A few weeks ago, I got an email from a reader looking for lists of old-fashioned double names. She was aiming for names like Thelma Dean, Eula Mae, and Gaynell — names that would have sounded trendy in the early 1900s. She also mentioned that she’d started a list of her own.
So I began scouring the interwebs. I tracked down lists of old-fashioned names, and lists of double names…but I couldn’t find a decent list of double names that were also old-fashioned.
I loved the idea of such a list, though, so I suggested that we work together to create one. She generously sent me the pairings she’d collected so far, and I used several different records databases to find many more.
I restricted my search to names given to girls born in the U.S. from 1890 to 1930. I also stuck to double names that I found written as single names, because it’s very likely that these pairings were used together in real life (i.e., that they were true double names and not merely first-middle pairings).
Pairings that seemed too timeless, like Maria Mae and Julia Rose, were omitted. I also took out many of the pairings that feature now-trendy names — think Ella, Emma, and Lucy — because they just don’t sound old-fashioned anymore (though they would have a few decades ago).
The result isn’t exhaustive, but it’s a decent sampling of real-life, old-fashioned double names. I’ve organized them by second name, and I also added links to popularity graphs for names that were in the SSA data during the correct time period (early 1900s).
Ireland’s top baby names of 2013 were announced a few days ago.
According to data from the Central Statistics Office, the most popular baby names are Emily and Jack.
Here are Ireland’s top 100 girl names and top 100 boy names of 2013:
1. Emily 2. Emma 3. Sophie 4. Ella 5. Amelia 6. Aoife 7. Ava 8. Lucy 9. Grace 10. Sarah 11. Mia 12. Anna 13. Chloe 14. Hannah 15. Kate 16. Ruby 17. Lily 18. Katie 19. Caoimhe 20. Sophia 21. Lauren 22. Saoirse 23. Ellie 24. Holly 25. Leah 26. Amy 27. Olivia 28. Jessica 29. Ciara 30. Zoe 31. Isabelle 32. Niamh 33. Molly 34. Julia 35. Robyn 36. Erin 37. Roisin 38. Freya 39. Laura 40. Cara 41. Sofia 42. Eva 43. Rachel 44. Isabella 45. Kayla 46. Abbie 47. Charlotte [tie] 47. Millie [tie] 49. Faye 50. Clodagh 51. Aisling 52. Alice [tie] 52. Eabha [tie] 54. Abigail 55. Ellen 56. Lexi 57. Aoibhinn 58. Layla 59. Eve [tie] 59. Zara [tie] 61. Alannah 62. Aine 63. Maria [tie] 63. Megan [tie] 65. Rebecca 66. Nicole 67. Sadhbh 68. Clara 69. Elizabeth 70. Maya 71. Maja 72. Emilia 73. Caitlin 74. Rose 75. Isabel 76. Aoibheann 77. Sadie 78. Lena 79. Hollie 80. Sienna 81. Mary 82. Fiadh 83. Zuzanna 84. Aimee [tie] 84. Tara [tie] 86. Hanna [tie] 86. Katelyn [tie] 86. Lilly [tie] 86. Ruth [tie] 90. Alexandra [tie] 90. Poppy [tie] 92. Amber [tie] 92. Mollie [tie] 92. Victoria [tie] 95. Lara 96. Sara 97. Brooke 98. Aoibhe [tie] 98. Laoise [tie] 100. Kayleigh
1. Jack 2. James 3. Daniel 4. Conor 5. Sean 6. Adam 7. Ryan 8. Michael 9. Harry 10. Noah 11. Thomas 12. Alex 13. Luke 14. Oisin 15. Charlie 16. Patrick 17. Cian 18. Liam [tie] 18. Darragh [tie] 20. Dylan 21. Jamie 22. Matthew 23. Cillian 24. Aaron 25. Fionn 26. Jake 27. John 28. David 29. Ben 30. Finn 31. Nathan 32. Kyle 33. Samuel 34. Evan 35. Max 36. Ethan 37. Rian 38. Joseph 39. Alexander 40. Mason 41. Oliver 42. Joshua 43. William 44. Eoin 45. Jayden 46. Oscar 47. Callum 48. Aidan 49. Tom 50. Robert 51. Sam [tie] 51. Tadhg [tie] 53. Jacob 54. Cathal 55. Shane 56. Leon 57. Mark 58. Senan 59. Bobby 60. Ronan [tie] 60. Andrew [tie] 62. Eoghan 63. Leo 64. Lucas 65. Rory 66. Alfie 67. Tyler 68. Benjamin [tie] 68. Cormac [tie] 70. Scott 71. Christopher 72. Odhran 73. Kevin 74. Ciaran 75. Dara 76. Shay [tie] 76. Alan [tie] 78. Tommy 79. Logan [tie] 79. Anthony [tie] 81. Jakub 82. Rhys 83. Tomas 84. Donnacha 85. Kai 86. Stephen 87. Killian 88. Niall 89. Jason 90. Josh 91. Kayden 92. Martin [tie] 92. Ruairi [tie] 92. Brian [tie] 95. Isaac 96. Danny [tie] 96. Edward [tie] 98. Oran [tie] 98. Sebastian [tie] 98. Hugh [tie]
New to the top 100 are Sadie, Sienna, Fiadh and Poppy for girls and Kai and Kayden for boys.
(Names that were new on the 2012 list but that have since dropped out of the top 100 are Amelie, Evie and Maisie.)
Of all the girl names in the current top 100, these five saw the biggest increases from 2012 to 2013 in terms of rank change:
Fiadh, +64 (146th to 82nd)
Sadie, +62 (139th to 77th)
Poppy, +46 (136th to 90th)
Lexi, +33 (89th to 56th)
Sienna, +32 (112th to 80th)
And these five saw the biggest increases in terms of number of babies:
Anna, +56 (296 babies to 352 babies)
Lexi, +54 (127 babies to 73 babies)
Sofia, +50 (155 babies to 105 babies)
Sadie, +42 (84 babies to 42 babies)
Fiadh, +39 (78 babies to 39 babies)
Of all the boy names in the current top 100, these five saw the biggest increases from 2012 to 2013 in terms of rank change:
Kayden, +44 (135th to 91st)
Shay, +27 (103rd to 76th)
Kai, +24 (109th to 85th)
Leo, +21 (84th to 63rd)
Anthony, +20 (99th to 79th)
And these five saw the biggest increases in terms of number of babies:
Which girl names increased/decreased the most in popularity from 2012 to 2013?
Below are two versions of each list. My version looks at raw number differences and takes all 19,114 girl names on the 2013 list into account. The SSA’s version looks at ranking differences and covers roughly the top 1,000 girl names.