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Popularity of the Baby Name Oyushminalda


Posts that Mention the Name Oyushminalda

Revolutionary baby names in Russia: Ninel, Melor, Traktorina

Revolutionaries firing at Tsarist police during the February Revolution (part of the 1917 Russian Revolution).
Russian revolutionaries (Feb. 1917)

In 1917, Russia experienced two revolutions. The February Revolution (which happened in March) resulted in the monarchy being overthrown and replaced by a provisional government; the October Revolution (which happened in November) resulted in the provisional government being overthrown by the Bolsheviks.

The two revolutions were followed by a bloody civil war, and finally by the establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) in late 1922.

Russian revolutionary Vladimir Lenin addressing the public in 1917.
Lenin addressing the public (1917)

This period of social and political upheaval in Russia had an influence on Russian baby names (the same way the French revolution had an influence on French baby names a century earlier.) Most of Russia’s revolution- and socialism-inspired baby names were bestowed in the 1920s and 1930s, but several emerged decades later (during the Space Race, for instance).

Some examples…

NameSignificance/Translation
Ateist“Atheist”
Arvil“Army of V. I. Lenin”
Avangarda“Avant-garde”
Barrikada“Barricade”
BastilThe Bastille, Paris fortress stormed during the French Revolution
BebelAugust Bebel, German Marxist
Buntar“Rebel”
DantonGeorges Jacques Danton, French revolutionary
Dazdraperma“Long live the first of May” (da zdrastvuet pervoye Maya)
Dinamit“Dynamite”
Dinamo“Dynamo,” originally a type of electrical generator
Disizara“Child, follow the Revolution boldly” (ditya, smelo idi za revolyutsiyey)
DonbassDonets Basin, coal-mining area in the Ukraine
Elekrifikatsiya“Electrification”
Elektrostanciya“Power station”
EngelinaFriedrich Engels, co-creator of Marxism
FevralinaBased on February, signifying the February Revolution of 1917
Geniy“Genius”
Gertruda“Heroine of labor” (geroinya truda)
Giotin“Guillotine”
Ideya“Idea”
Ilich; IlinaBased on Lenin’s patronym, Ilyich
Industriya“Industry”
Industrializatsia“Industrialization”
Iskra“Spark”
KazbekMount Kazbek
Kim“Communist Youth International” (Kommunisticheskii Internatsional Molodezhi)
Kommuna“Commune”
Krasnyi“Red”
Kukutsapol“Corn, queen of the fields” (kukuruza, tsaritsa poley)
LagshmivaraSchmidt‘s Arctic camp” (lager’ Shmidta v Arktike)
Lentrosh“Lenin, Trotsky, Shahumyan
Lentrozin“Lenin, Trotsky, Zinoviev
Leundezh“Lenin died, but his work lives on” (Lenin umer, no delo ego zhivet)
LibknekhtKarl Liebknecht, German socialist executed in 1919
Lorikerik“Lenin, October Revolution, industrialization, collectivization, electrification, radio installation, communism”
Lyuksemburg;
Roza
Rosa Luxemburg, German socialist executed in 1919
MarksKarl Marx, co-creator and namesake of Marxism
Marlen“Marx, Lenin”
MarselezaLa Marseillaise, national anthem of France
MayaBased on May, signifying May 1 (May Day)
Mels“Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin”
Melor“Marx, Engels, Lenin, October Revolution”
Molot“Hammer” — as in “hammer and sickle”
Myuda“International Youth Day”
NinelLenin spelled backwards
Oktyabrin;
Oktyabrina
Based on October, signifying the October Revolution of 1917
Oyushminald;
Oyushminalda
Otto Yulyevich Schmidt on the ice” (Otto Yulyevich Shmidt na l’du)
Parizhkommuna“Paris Commune”
Perkosrak“First space rocket”
Persostrat“First Soviet stratospheric balloon” (perviy sovetsky stratostat)
Pofistal“Conqueror of fascism Joseph Stalin” (pobeditel fashizm Iosif Stalin)
Proletariy“Proletarian”
Pravda“Truth” — the name of the Communist Party newspaper
Pyatvchet“Five-year plan to be fulfilled in four years”
RadiyRadium, the element
RazinStenka Razin, 17th-century Cossack rebel
Revdit“Revolutionary child” (ditya)
Revmir;
Revmira
“Revolutionary peace”
Revolyutsiya;
Revoly;
Lyutsiya
“Revolution”
Revvola“Revolutionary wave” (volna)
RobesperMaximilien Robespierre, French revolutionary
Roblen“Born to be a Leninist” (rodilsia byt’ Lenintsem)
Serpina“Sickle” (serp) — as in “hammer and sickle”
Smena“Shift” or “Change (of workers in a factory)”
Smychka“Union, alliance” — a Soviet political term
SpartakSpartakusbund, Germany’s Spartacus League
StalinaJoseph Stalin
Svoboda“Freedom”
Tekstil“Textile”
Traktor;
Traktorina
“Tractor”
Trolebuzin“Trotsky, Lenin, Bukharin, Zinoviev”
Uryurvkos“Hooray, Yura’s in space” (ura, Yura v kosmose) — a reference to Yuri Gagarin
VanadiyVanadium, the element
Vilora“Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, organizer of the revolution” (organizator revolyutsii)
Vilen; VilenaV. I. Lenin
Vladlen;
Vladilen;
Vladlena
Vladimir Lenin
Volya“Will”
YuralgaYuri Alekseyevich Gagarin
Zheldora“Railway”
Zikatra“Zinoviev, Kamenev, Trotsky”

Other baby names of the era weren’t so much political as they were fanciful, e.g., Atlantida (“Atlantis”), Monblan (Mont Blanc), Traviata (the Verdi opera La traviata), and Zvezde (“star”).

It’s also interesting to note that a portion of these parents went in the other direction entirely. Instead of opting for progressive names, they went for “pre-Christian Slavic names such as Mstislav or Sviatopolk that had fallen into disuse in modern times.”

Sources:

[Latest update: 4/2023]

Baby born aboard Soviet steamship in Kara Sea, named Karina

The Soviet steamship Chelyuskin, trapped in ice (1933)
The Chelyuskin, trapped in ice (1933)

In early August, 1933, the Soviet steamship Chelyuskin — with over 100 sailors and scientists aboard — set out on the 4,500-mile journey through the Arctic from Murmansk (a Russian port near Finland) to Vladivostok (a Russian port near China).

The aim? To prove that a non-icebreaker could traverse the Russian Northern Sea route in a single season.

On August 31, a baby girl was born on board to the wife of the Wrangel Island surveyor, Comrade Vassiliev. Because the ship was in the Kara Sea at the time, the baby was named Karina.

An entry in the log reads: “5.30, a female child born to the Vassilievs; latitude 750 46.5′ N., longitude 910 .06′ W.”

The Kara Sea, which is covered by ice for most of the year, was named after Russia’s Kara River. The name of the river comes from a Nenets word meaning “hummocked ice.”

Speaking of ice…the Chelyuskin became trapped in ice in December. It remained trapped for a couple of months until it was finally crushed in February of 1934. The passengers had time to disembark, taking food and supplies, before the ship sank. They set up camp on an ice floe. Rescue planes arrived several weeks later.

The wreck was finally discovered in October of 2006 off the coast of Chukotka (a peninsula near Alaska). In early 2007, a gathering was held in Moscow to celebrate the discovery. In attendance were the two remaining Chelyuskin survivors, one of whom was Karina.

Sources:

P.S. The head of the Chelyuskin expedition was Soviet scientist Otto Schmidt. A few years later, he supervised another expedition — the one that established the first-ever drift-ice station, the “North Pole-1.” To pay tribute to this accomplishment, Soviet parents named their children Oyushminald and Oyushminalda — contractions of the phrase “Otto Yulyevich Schmidt on the ice.”